Simon Bolivar Palacios
was born in Caracas on July 24, 1783. Son of Juan Vicente Bolivar and Maria
Concepcion Palacios. He was born in the aristocracy, Simon Bolivar received
an excellent education of his tutors, principally Simon Rodriguez.
When he had nine years
Bolivar lost his parents and he stayed in guardianship of his mother
grandfather who little later also died and Simon stayed at the expense of
his uncle Carlos Palacios.
To the age of fifteen,
his uncle ordered it to Spain to continue with his education. Bolivar
travelled towards Spain in 1799 with his friend Esteban Escobar. He came to
Madrid in June of this year and remaining with his uncle Estaban Palacios.
In Madrid, Bolivar knew Maria Teresa Rodriguez del Toro with whom he married
Simon Bolivar image
Little later he, returns
to Venezuela, in 1803, year in which his wife, Maria Teresa, died of yellow
fever. This event affects him tremendously, so much that decides that
nevermore he would marry.
After losing his wife,
Bolivar returned to Europe with his tutor and friend, Simon Rodriguez, in
1804. While, he attended to Napoleon's Bonaparte appointment as French
Emperor and later he was present in Milan at Napoleon's coronation as King
of Italy. Bolivar lost respect for Napoleon, whom he considered to be a
traitor to the republican ideas. But it(he,she) was in Italy where Bolivar
did his oath on the Sacred Mount of Rome of not resting until America is
free. Later, he travelled to Paris, where he began in the Freemasonry
affiliating to a lodge. Two years later it(he,she) returns to America, doing
a scale of two months in the United States. After this, he returns to
In 1808 Napoleon
installed his brother, Jose, as King of Spain. This initiated a great
popular revolution in Spain known as the Peninsular War. In America,
regional meetings were tormed to fight against the new king. The American
meetings fought against the power of the king, not only the person of Jose
Bonaparte. The same year, the meeting of Caracas declared her independence
of Spain. Bolivar on June 3, 1811, he gave his speech in favor of the
American independence to the Patriotic Society being two days later declared
as day of the Venezuelan Independence.
The meeting (right)
of San Martin and (left) Simon Bolívar in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on July 26,
1822, where was decided the campaign of liberation of South America of the
On August 13, Venezuelan
forces under Francisco de Miranda's control achieved a victory in Valencia.
On July 24 of the following year, 1812, Elevated place he, gave up itself
after several military disasters and Bolivar had to shelter in Cartagena. In
this place, Bolivar wrote his famous " Manifest of Cartagena " in
which he declared that New Granada should help to liberate Venezuela because
his reason was the same and because the freedom of Venezuela would bring the
freedom of New Granada. Bolivar received help of New Granada and in 1813 it
invaded Venezuela. It entered Merida on May 23 and was nominated
"A" "Liberator" by the people.
On June 8 Bolivar
proclaimed the "fight to the death" in favor of the freedom.
Bolivar took Caracas on August 6 and little later proclaimed the second
Venezuelan republic. One year later Bolivar surrounded Cartagena, but the
lack of help on the part of the government again Granada made him desist and
shelter in Jamaica. There he wrote his " Letter of Jamaica ". The
same year Bolivar travelled to Haiti and requested his president, Alejandro
Sabes Petion, support to help to the Spanish-American reason. In 1817, with
help of Haiti, Bolivar I return to the continent to continue fighting.
Simon Bolivar saber
To beginning of year he
managed to enter Barcelona and to obtain the definitive independence of
Venezuela, it(he,she) establishes in Narrowness the capital of his
government, Boyacá's Battle on August 7, 1819 resulted in a great victory
for Bolivar and the army of the revolution. This year, Bolivar created the
Congress of Narrowness that founded Great Colombia, which president named to
the following years the Spanish opposition was eliminated. After Antonio
Jose's victory of Sucre on the Spanish forces in the Battle of Bargain on
May 23, 1822 the north of South America was liberated. With this great
victory Bolivar prepared to go with his army to cross the Andes and to
liberate Peru. On July 26, 1822 Bolivar had a conference with Jose of St
Martin in Guayaquil to discuss the strategy for the liberation of Peru. It
has never been known what happened in this secret meeting both Latin-American
prominent figures, but St Martin returned to Argentina while Bolivar
prepared for the fight against the last Spanish bastion in South America.
1823 Bolivar took command of the invasion of Peru and in September he came
in Lima with Sucre to plan the assault. Later he obtained a great victory
opposite to Canterac in Junin, on August 6, 1824.
definitive victory will take place in Ayacucho, December 9, 1824, when the
troops of the viceroy The Serna are defeated. With it, the military
independence stage remains concluded, and Bolivar can resign his military
power before the Congress of Peru, on February 10, 1825. Later he divided
towards High Peru, proclaiming the " Republic of Bolivar ", today
so called Bolivia. On August 6, 1825 Sucre created the Congress of High Peru
which created the Republic of Bolivia in honor of Bolivar.
Constitution of 1826, though used, it was never written by Bolivar itself.
Also in 1826 Bolivar created the Congress of Panama, the first hemispherical
conference. But in 1827 due to personal rivalries between the generals of
the revolution, they exploited civil wars that destroyed the South American
union for which Bolivar had fought.
Bolivar during his epoch of President of Republic
Liberator Simon Bolivar died on December 17, 1830 for tuberculosis