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SIMÓN BOLIVAR.

 

Simon  Bolivar Palacios was born in Caracas on July 24, 1783. Son of Juan Vicente Bolivar and Maria Concepcion Palacios. He was born in the aristocracy, Simon Bolivar received an excellent education of his tutors, principally Simon Rodriguez.

 When he had nine years Bolivar lost his parents and he stayed in guardianship of his mother grandfather who little later also died and Simon stayed at the expense of his uncle Carlos Palacios. 

 To the age of fifteen, his uncle ordered it to Spain to continue with his education. Bolivar travelled towards Spain in 1799 with his friend Esteban Escobar. He came to Madrid in June of this year and remaining with his uncle Estaban Palacios. In Madrid, Bolivar knew Maria Teresa Rodriguez del Toro with whom he married in 1802. 

 Simon Bolivar image

 Little later he, returns to Venezuela, in 1803, year in which his wife, Maria Teresa, died of yellow fever. This event affects him tremendously, so much that decides that nevermore he would marry. 

 After losing his wife, Bolivar returned to Europe with his tutor and friend, Simon Rodriguez, in 1804. While, he attended to Napoleon's Bonaparte appointment as French Emperor and later he was present in Milan at Napoleon's coronation as King of Italy. Bolivar lost respect for Napoleon, whom he considered to be a traitor to the republican ideas. But it(he,she) was in Italy where Bolivar did his oath on the Sacred Mount of Rome of not resting until America is free. Later, he travelled to Paris, where he began in the Freemasonry affiliating to a lodge. Two years later it(he,she) returns to America, doing a scale of two months in the United States. After this, he returns to Venezuela.

 In 1808 Napoleon installed his brother, Jose, as King of Spain. This initiated a great popular revolution in Spain known as the Peninsular War. In America, regional meetings were tormed to fight against the new king. The American meetings fought against the power of the king, not only the person of Jose Bonaparte. The same year, the meeting of Caracas declared her independence of Spain. Bolivar on June 3, 1811, he gave his speech in favor of the American independence to the Patriotic Society being two days later declared as day of the Venezuelan Independence. 

 The meeting (right) of San Martin and (left) Simon Bolívar in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on July 26, 1822, where was decided the campaign of liberation of South America of the Spanish control.

 On August 13, Venezuelan forces under Francisco de Miranda's control achieved a victory in Valencia. On July 24 of the following year, 1812, Elevated place he, gave up itself after several military disasters and Bolivar had to shelter in Cartagena. In this place, Bolivar wrote his famous " Manifest of Cartagena " in which he declared that New Granada should help to liberate Venezuela because his reason was the same and because the freedom of Venezuela would bring the freedom of New Granada. Bolivar received help of New Granada and in 1813 it invaded Venezuela. It entered Merida on May 23 and was nominated "A" "Liberator" by the people. 

 On June 8 Bolivar proclaimed the "fight to the death" in favor of the freedom. Bolivar took Caracas on August 6 and little later proclaimed the second Venezuelan republic. One year later Bolivar surrounded Cartagena, but the lack of help on the part of the government again Granada made him desist and shelter in Jamaica. There he wrote his " Letter of Jamaica ". The same year Bolivar travelled to Haiti and requested his president, Alejandro Sabes Petion, support to help to the Spanish-American reason. In 1817, with help of Haiti, Bolivar I return to the continent to continue fighting. 

Simon Bolivar saber 

 To beginning of year he managed to enter Barcelona and to obtain the definitive independence of Venezuela, it(he,she) establishes in Narrowness the capital of his government, Boyacá's Battle on August 7, 1819 resulted in a great victory for Bolivar and the army of the revolution. This year, Bolivar created the Congress of Narrowness that founded Great Colombia, which president named to Bolivar. 

 During the following years the Spanish opposition was eliminated. After Antonio Jose's victory of Sucre on the Spanish forces in the Battle of Bargain on May 23, 1822 the north of South America was liberated. With this great victory Bolivar prepared to go with his army to cross the Andes and to liberate Peru. On July 26, 1822 Bolivar had a conference with Jose of St Martin in Guayaquil to discuss the strategy for the liberation of Peru. It has never been known what happened in this secret meeting both Latin-American prominent figures, but St Martin returned to Argentina while Bolivar prepared for the fight against the last Spanish bastion in South America. 

 In 1823 Bolivar took command of the invasion of Peru and in September he came in Lima with Sucre to plan the assault. Later he obtained a great victory opposite to Canterac in Junin, on August 6, 1824. 

 The definitive victory will take place in Ayacucho, December 9, 1824, when the troops of the viceroy The Serna are defeated. With it, the military independence stage remains concluded, and Bolivar can resign his military power before the Congress of Peru, on February 10, 1825. Later he divided towards High Peru, proclaiming the " Republic of Bolivar ", today so called Bolivia. On August 6, 1825 Sucre created the Congress of High Peru which created the Republic of Bolivia in honor of Bolivar. 

 The Constitution of 1826, though used, it was never written by Bolivar itself. Also in 1826 Bolivar created the Congress of Panama, the first hemispherical conference. But in 1827 due to personal rivalries between the generals of the revolution, they exploited civil wars that destroyed the South American union for which Bolivar had fought. 

 Simon Bolivar during his epoch of President of Republic

 The Liberator Simon Bolivar died on December 17, 1830 for tuberculosis


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