Genghis Khan was born near the Baikal lake (in
present Russia), in 1167. His true name was Temojin. He was son of Yesugei,
head and leader mongol, and great-grandchild of Kabul Khan, leader of
mongoles that, supposedly, poisoned by the Tartars.
Early age he was left orphan and
the age of thirteen years it happened to its father like tribal head. During
its early reing he had to face the revolts of his tribes and besides to put
under in his subjects won his hostile neighbors and after twenty- five
years of bloody fihgts, in 1206 he dominated almost all Mongolia
and he was named in the assembly of the dominated tribes like Genghis Khan,
universal leader, (chêng-sze, in Chinese 'valient soldier' in Turk khan,
'Sir'), the city of Karakorum (Karakoram) was designated like his capital.
Genghis Khan in his horse
Genghis Khan transformed Mongolia, a
nomadic nation, in a a State seemed to the feudal system. One the main
qualities like leader of Genghis Khan was his personality and his presence
of leader , one tell that he was taller that normal stature, he had the wide
head, strong jaw and penetrating eyes o grayish green color and in addition
the cruelty that he distributed whit his sword instilled the fear in his
Genghis Khan initated the conquest of
China, with the reason to look for a grass place for his horses and in 1208
he had already established a strongpoint whitin the Great Wall, in
1213 he directed to his armies ejércitos towards the South and the
West and he was entered in the territory dominated by Chin (1122-1234) and
in 1215 he surrounded the Chinese capital, at the moment Beijinj, and he
conquered it. Genghis Khan continued his advance and in 1218 the Lorean
peninsula feel in his hands.
In 1219, a caravan of mongol retailers
was assassinated by people of Persian Sha Muhammed II Ali ad-Din, he
also kiled to the mongol ambassador. In revenge by the masacre,
he sent to his army towards the west, he invaded Jwarizm, a big Turk Empire
formed by the present countries or Iraq, Iran and part of western
Turquestan. Genghis Khan sword continued istributing fear ande his armies
devastated Turkestan and they sacked Bujara and Samarkand. In the
present north of India and Pakistan, they conquered the cities of Peshawar
and Lahore and their nearest zones.
In the summer of the same year of the
defeat of the Sha, in 1219, Genghis Khan persecuted the Sha's son, Jalal ad-Din,
that he was forming a army to make opposition los mongoles. Genghis Khan
shipment an expeditionary army of 40,000 men, los cuales they fell before
the Isamic forces.cayeron. Genghis Khan, after whit a army of 5,000 men,
travelled whit much effort and he reached to enemy in the Indo valley, that
gave rise to the battle of same name.
The Islamic opposition was strong, it
had a troops similar to the mongol army, to his left a mountainous mountain
was located and to his right was located Indo river. Mongol army avanced to
the dawn, but Jalal ad-Din attacked first whit his right flank, that made
back down to the army of Genghis Khan in his left flank. Jalal when
discovering the effect of his attack retired forces of his left flank to
reinforce his attack by the right, after that he sent a offensive by the
center treating to eliminate the own Genghis Khan. But, Genghis Khan didn't
do what was frecuent to hope before this situation: to fortify the fronts
that were falling, if no, he maintained them in their position, los mantuvo
en su posición, that it was delicate and he sent an army that advanced by
the mountain of the left flank of his enemy and where he was able to
take them by surprise, then, Genghis Khan commanded to his imperial guard to
attack by the left flank, surrouding the forces by the first attack of Jalal
and locking up them in a circle.
Jalal managed to along logró with
save trhoug the Indo river about 700 of his men.
Khan in the battle of the Indo valley
The triumphs that he
obtained had to the magnificent organiazation, discipline and
maneuverability of his armies.
His death, which had to a
fever or a wound, happened the 18 of August of 1227, divided to the mongol
Empire that was distributed between his three children. Genghis Khan was
buried his sword along with. The mongol empire disappeared in1368.