The sword of Ricardo Heart
of Leon always was to the service of the crossed ones and England.
Third son of Enrique II of
England, had the titles of Duke of Aquitania and Normandía and count of
Anjou. He reigned in the period between 1189-99. He caused that the count of
Toulouse lent tribute to him in 1175, which increased his power and he urged
to him a war with his brothers.
In 1173-74 and 1189-89 it
was rebelled against its father, supported by Felipe II of France. To the
death of its father Enrique II in 1189 and of his older brothers, it
inherited the crown of England and it undid its alliance with the French
monarch. It married with Berenguela of Navarre and consolidated the
expansive policy of England around the Atlantic dominion, one seted out to
extend its control on the Mediterranean.
Richard 'The Lionheart'
sword in finished gold.
By this it took Crossed
party in Third, along with Felipe II of France. Thus, they were able to take
Messina and Cyprus in 1190 and Pungent one in 1191, although they could not
conquer Jerusalem. Acre was invaded in a month, having obtained that same
year the important victory of Arsuf against Saladino, that will make
possible the taking of Joppa. Broken the alliance between both kings, Felipe
II returned to France and collaborated in the conspiracy of Juan Without
Earth, brother of Ricardo, to take the English throne.
During the absence of
Ricardo, king Felipe of France obtained the obtaining of the French
possessions of Ricardo through negotiations. In the meantime, Ricardo
decided with Saladino (1192), Muslim sovereign, an agreement by which the
Christians conserved Acre and she was allowed the visit them to the holy
places of Jerusalem, after which he undertook the trip from return to
England. Being in Earth Santa, it fought untiringly managing to obtain the
title of "Corazón de León".
Image of Ricardo
Corazon de Leon with its sword and its shield.
Ricardo was returning of
Earth Santa and was catched in Austria during little more of a year by
Leopoldo of Austria, an old enemy since, time back in the crossed ones,
Ricardo had committed serious offenses against him and its standard.
At the beginning of 1193,
Ricardo was transferred to the safekeeping of the emperor Enrique I SAW, who
obtained the payment of 100,000 marks in exchange for his liberation, that
his brother Juan did not want to pay, but that her mother forced to him to
During its absence of
England, the administration worked remarkably well, increased its prestige
as monarch thanks to its Earth conquests Santa. In 1194 Ricardo managed to
arrive at England. In its return, Ricardo was crowned again in Winchester.
It lasted very little there, since its desire to continue conquering took to
territories of France.
It had to fight against
Felipe II to recover the continental territories taken by this one during
its absence. The last years of its life it dedicated them to the
construction of the strength of Château-Gaillard on the Seine. Ricardo in
1199 passed away, five years after its return to England and his second
coronation, in the siege to the castle of Châlus, in the Limousin, hurt by
a poisoned arrow.
Ricardo Corazón de León
sword with handle grip.
Fighting there helped by his
men combat engineers that dedicated to excavate tunnel under castle to
obtain that it collapsed, man, that had remained bet in one of the
watchtowers and that had been the target of all the arrows but no hurt to
him because it protected myself with a great frying pan, sent an arrow on
Ricardo, hurting it in its left shoulder, near the vertebrae of the neck.
When the king received that
wound, he sent to no sigh neither complaint, nor left no suffering was
marked in its face or its gestures. It was applied to him with extreme well-taken
care of all type of emplastos but, little by little, the wounds began to put
themselves black and to swell themselves more and more. Ricardo knew that no
longer it had salvation, and sent a letter to its mother. The king arranged
that his brain, bleeds and entrails were buried in Charroux, of the Berry;
its heart, in Rouen; and its body in Fontevrault, on the feet of its father.
It died the 6 of April, Tuesday before the Domingo de Resurreccio'n, 10 days
after to be hurt. And his they buried it according to its will.
In 1199, his brother Juan
happened to be king, invaded Normandía successful. Around year 1200 one
retired to England, losing his French earth in 1205.