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SCISSORS OF ALBACETE AND KNIVES

 

Worked scissors of Albacete are known year 400 to of C., are conserved in the Provincial Museum of Albacete. These primitive scissors were found in a tomb of an Iberian city, later denominated "El Tesorico", a small town next to the river World.

This scissors is one of the most old scissors of Albacete.

 

These scissors of Albacete are as handles and their normal position are to have the separated blades, this type of scissors are known in Spain like pressure scissors. The cut is obtained when pressing them and soon they return to its starting point thanks to the pressure obtained in the means of the zone of union of the blades, where probably is a wharf of a single turn. But due to the corrosion that these scissors suffered, by the passage of time, that type of means is not appraised correctly.

These "first" known scissors as albacetenses are a unique model until that date, and seem to show to us to the great ability and technical outpost of the old blacksmiths of Albacete.

We put ourselves to speak of the scissors worked in Albacete that are even conserved and of their peculiarities. The first scissors worked in Albacete that are conserved were made during century XV, their inscription was based simply on the year of accomplishment. Later, in century XVI, short legend was recorded, normally enrolled in Latin, but not yet the place of its elaboration was indicated that begins to add as of century XVII.

Classic scissor made by Exposito.

 

It is possible to be considered that centuries XVII and XVIII are the "Centuries of Gold" of the scissors with legend. Falling in declivity at the end of the century XVIII simultaneously that took place the decay of the art of the cutlery in Spain, that discouraged to the artists cutlers, causing the closing of its factories. The most important reasons for that decay were; the restrictive laws and the imports of the foreigner.

During centuries XVII and XVIII, the legend was recorded in diverse types of scissors; of seam, of medical use, domestic use and, most important and numerous, desktop.

In the seam scissors of Albacete, of about 11 cm., the name of the user was recorded, with the Dª ahead, only in some marked to the locality "Albacete".

Scissor made artesan in Albacete.

 

The scissors craftswomen of medical use of Albacete, also of about 11 cm., were marked with the name of the proprietor and the place where they were worked. In constructed surgical instruments in Spain, during centuries XVII and XVIII, the names of the craftsmen of the scissors were marked, the year and place of their construction, but never it appeared Albacete.

The scissors of domestic use of Albacete, with their 22 to 53 cm., were used to cut paper, most spectacular and are used, for that reason they kept with affection and now we can admire them.

Old scissor made artesan in Spain by the old prestigious artesan.

 

All the scissors worked in Albacete totally are elaborated in iron. The interior of its blades is flat (and non concave like the Eastern scissors), its ring are closed and its light wood cases, covered of skin with adornments, engravings or painted.

In order to describe a little more in detail the scissors of Albacete we will begin speaking of its blades that usually are stabbed, narrow and with three longitudinal planes.

Special scissor for its curious form.

 

The size of his escudete this fact so that its plane with the one of the intermediate plateau of the blades, united by pin agrees that was spent and broken with the use.

The arms of the scissors usually are formed by a pair of  balustered and strong columns. One of the greater characteristics of the scissors of Albacete is average moors moons, of Islamic tradition, located in the union of the arms and escudete.

The main characteristics of the ring (or they are made oval or circular, strong and without lateral incisions) are their adornments that go from "triggers" (of the French scissors, century XVII) to "peinetas" (century XVIII), formed by one, two or three rows of average moons and finished with an adornment in form of "almond". There were variants for this last detail of the scissors of Albacete, proposed by diverse of the cutlers who worked them, the proposals were to change that form of almond, by crossings of Santiago, Caravaca or Latin, or many hearts, that surely were gifts between boyfriends.

Scissors with engraved on its blade.

 

The scissors of Albacete are covered, almost in their totality, by the engravings, that begin in escudete, happening through the blades and being able to finish in the zone of underneath where it began. They are written with capital letters, many errors, using the abbreviations. The legend this distributed, in most of the cases, a side of the scissors the name of the craftsman cutler, the place (Albazete, with "z") and the year; in the other side, the name of the proprietor is recorded or in his defect a phrase, an ejaculation or an appointment. Using, as well, series of longitudinal borders, recorded, normally, in both sides of the blades and escudete, their drawings are waved lines, ears, small branches, commas, points, etc. The greatest plane of the blades enjoys a floral decoration developed in line waved covering almost its totality, straining itself between her, the drawing of up to three birds (characteristic of the scissors worked in Albacete). The wrought scissors more carefully can have recorded a border inside the zone of their blades.

Special scissor for the form of its handle.

 

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