archaeological objects, as they can be the swords visigodas, contribute
true information to us on the life of our ancestors, their customs, works,
wars, interments, etc.
One knows that the visigodos, along with their cousins the ostrogodos,
arrived at the borders of the Roman Empire fleeing from the Hunos. A
tragic Roman error gave the victory them in the battle of Adrianopolis and
since then they comprised of the Roman world, helping with its soldiers
Thus, the period visigodo includes from Leovigildo (572-586), considered
founding of the visigotica monarchy in Spain, until in 711 they are
defeated by the Moors in the battle of the Guadalete. But we can judge by
the little appearance of swords visigodas that was not a too warlike
period. We know the wars visigodas with mastiff and the vandals. Between
the arrianos and the Christians lasting these until Recaredo resigns to
the arrianismo becoming to the Christianity, without being to him very
difficult, since their laws and forms of life did not move away much.
sword was used by the visigodos.
arrival of the Visigoths, and with them of the sword visigoda, to the
peninsula at the beginning of century V did not suppose a great rupture
with forms them artistic of the hispanoromano, but in the course of the
time its art was evolved until getting to have an own style, with defined
personality that in architecture identifies by the use of the horseshoe
arc and a somewhat coarse sculpture. The architecture visigoda corresponds
to two different traditions, the one of paleocristiana type, until the s.
VII, and the Hispanic-visigoda, from s. VII.
Although the existence is known swords visigodas, are not many those that
today can be contemplated. Their dimensions were of 90 to 100 centimeters
in length, and the wide one of its leaves oscillated between 4 or 5
centimeters. Some of these swords visigodas are in the Provincial Museum
of Tarragona, and probably they belonged to king Eurico. Other three
swords visigodas are in the National Archaeological Museum, of which which
is said that to the being discovered in visigodos his properties they were
without his grips, seems to indicate that they were disassembled before
putting them in his tombs.
This makes think that the grips of those swords visigodas had been done of
precious matters, reason why would be separated of the leaves before being
buried. We could think that this action to disassemble to the sword
visigoda before burying it with its owner, could be due to the continuity
of the ibero ritual to make unusable the weapon that served in life the
soldier with whom they buried it.
of the visigodas swords of different models.
armament of the germanic towns very simple but effective era: it sends of
attack of about two meters in length with end and tip of iron, long sword
type celta of iron (well-known like sword visigoda), flat shield with form
made oval or rectangular of wood and like protection, Yelm and level of
iron mesh. Like all the germanic and similar towns, the godos were not too
in favor of the personal protection, also it influenced in which a mesh
level was very expensive, and in fact few Roman units continued it using.
Like particularity, the godos, like other germanic towns, used a throw
able axe, famous "francisca".
La cavalry visigoda was, like in all the Germanic armies, a tactical
complement, that in Adrianopolis was of great importance, but to the
Romans they defeated the godos infants, not its riders who, in fact, ended
up fighting disassembled. Typically Germanic thing, as it could not less